Chapter 1 of the Australian Institute of Criminology's paper
in Transition, Social Control in Papua New Guinea by Cyndi Banks" provides
a fairly reasonable historical background to the "Kiap" concept.
This reference (chapter 1) was originally
linked to the Australian Institute of Criminology website (http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/lcj/women/index.html) however the
paper has been relocated or dropped. Fortunately, I down loaded copies
of it many years ago because it was informative and I had in mind that
this may happen. I hope that whoever has the copyright to this does not
object to this usage but if so then please advise me through the below
contact link and I will atone.
is chapter 1 of the following paper that is of interest to us however the
paper overall, is worth reading:
Chapter 1 - 'Taim Bilong Masta'
of the papers:
Chapter 1 - Taim Bilong Masta
Chapter 2 - 'Nau Taim Bilong Yumi Yet'
Chapter 3 - Bena Bena
Chapter 4 - Arapesh
Chapter 5 - Tolai
Chapter 6 - Orokaiva
Chapter 7 - Conclusion